Ralph Tyler announced the four Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction which are referred to as the Tyler Rationale:
- What educational purposed should the school seek to attain?
- What educational experiences can be provided that are likely to attain these purposes?
- How can these educational experiences be effectively organized?
- How can we determine whether these purposes are being attained?
Question one is also explained as “what educational purpose should a curriculum or an instructional program have as its goal” which was also referred to as objectives of the curriculum. Obviously, while I was in elementary and high school I did not know there was such thing as curriculum objectives. However, that does not mean that the objectives were not there. Now looking back and reflecting on my time in elementary and high school and can think of many times that the curriculum objectives were required to be met and were met. Such as quizzes, tests, and final projects. I do think that the curriculum objectives play an important role in the classroom because a lot of learning I focused around them.
I think that there are a few limitations to the Tyler rationale. One thing I noticed was that it seems so old and outdated for us to still be following it in education. When this rationale was created it was made for education systems and society then and not now. Obviously, over the years things and times change so it does not make sense why we don’t look at the rationale and even give it an update so that it would be more beneficial for today.
I think that all four of the Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction have benefits. Because the benefits are short and can be explained in different ways they are easily made sense of. This allows teachers and educators to use the principles to their best ability.